Android Operating System– You must have heard this word many times before, but you will also use android in your mobile, but do you know what is Android and how it works, if not then you will forward this post today Keep reading because in this post we will know what is Android? And apart from this, we will also understand why Android is different from other operating systems and why it is used so much. After this, we will also know some special things about it. So let’s first know what is Android?
What is the Android Operating System?
First of all, let me tell you that Android is not a Smartphone but an operating system that is owned by Google. The Android operating system is an operating system based on Linux kernel or it can also be said that it is a form or version of the Linux operating system and is built by customizing Linux a bit and going into detail, Linux which is an open-source and the free operating system is the main part of it, which is called the kernel, the android operating system has been created.
Android is primarily designed with mobile devices in mind so that we can do many things in our mobiles just like our computers. The way we mostly use windows on desktop or laptop, Android comes for mobile and this is the most used in mobile.
Android was launched only for mobile phones or smartphones at the start, but as its market grew, Google started launching Android on other devices like TV, Auto, Smart Watch, etc. But now we have to get android Most of the mobiles can be seen in the Android operating system, the special thing is that it is a free and open-source operating system, that is, we do not have to pay separately for this, it comes with our mobile and its source code is no Can also see.
What is the Linux kernel?
The kernel is the core of the operating system. This is the part that interacts directly with the hardware to a large extent. It has special system software called the driver for every hardware. Similarly, the Linux kernel is also the same part of android that interacts directly with the hardware, and the entire there are drivers for hardware such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, USB, etc.
What is open-source?
Open-source is said to be software whose source code is open to all, that is, anyone whose source-code (which is written in a programming language) can view and modify according to their own. A very good example of this is Xiaomi’s mobile phone, in which you must have seen MIUI, MIUI, and nothing else is made by customizing the source-code of android.
History of the Android Operating System
Android was first launched by Android Inc in November 2007. Android Inc was initially founded in 2003 by Andy Rubin, which was bought by Google in 2005, and Andy Rubin was made head of Android, and because Google liked the idea of Andy Rubin, they did the same. The idea kept the continuum up and running even though Andy Rubin left Google for one of his projects in 2013 after Android became popular but after he left Sundar Pichai was appointed head of Android in 2013 and He also contributed greatly in taking Android further.
|Android Operating System|
|Sl No||Name of Android||Version Number||Released Date|
|1||No Code Name||1.0 To 1.1||23rd September 2008|
|2||Cupcake||1.5||9th February 2009|
|3||Donut||1.6||27th April 2009|
|4||Eclair||2.0 To 2.1||26th October 2009|
|5||Froyo||2.2 To 2.2.3||20th May 2010|
|6||Gingerbread||2.3 To 2.3.7||6th December 2010|
|7||Honeycomb||3.0 To 3.2.6||22nd February 2011|
|8||Android Ice Cream Sandwich||4.0 To 4.0.4||18th October 2011|
|9||Android Jelly Bean||4.1 To 4.3.1||9th July 2012|
|10||Android Kitkat||4.4 To 4.4.4||31st October 2013|
|11||Android Lollipop||5.0 To 5.1.1||12th November 2014|
|12||Android Marshmallow||6.0 To 6.0.1||05th October 2015|
|13||Android Nougat||7.0 To 7.1.2||22nd August 2016|
|14||Android Oreo||8.0 To 8.1||21st August 2017|
|15||Android Pie||9.0||6th August 2018|
|16||Android 10||10.0||03rd September 2019|
|17||Android 11||11.0||19th February 2020|
Android version history
You have already heard Android Lollipop, Android KitKat, Android Nougat, etc. All these names will be heard if you do not know what it is, then let me tell you that these are all different versions of Android, which have new features at different times. And there were many versions of Android in addition to which were launched with improvements, with the launch of which we got to see many changes and improvements in Android. The following is a list of all versions of Android below.
Why Android is used so much?
Android is a great operating system. There are many reasons why it is great, such as it is an open-source operating system based on Linux kernel. Android has been very effective since the beginning, there is also a lot of developers for it, due to which new apps are developing every day. One of the biggest reasons for Android OS to be popular is that mobile phones based on it are very cheap and bo with very good and amazing features while its competitor Apple iPhone is very expensive and another reason for it to be popular.
It is that it made its reach in the market much earlier, while Windows Phone was launched much later, due to which it was able to make the very little reach.